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Lord Howe Island Woodhen
Scientific Name: Gallirallus sylvestris
One of the reasons why animals become endangered is because of their
small size. The Lord Howe Island Woodhen has seemed to be close to
extinction most of the time.
Their name was taken from the island where they used to live. Lord Howe
Island is located in the east coast of Australia and it is the only
place in the world where the birds are found.
About 200 years ago when the island was discovered by Europeans, a large
number of woodhens are being seen. They were so tame that they were
easily killed. After 20 years when the island was settled, the birds
could only be found in the mountainous areas of the island.
Lord Howe Island woodhens used to live on ground, they feed on
different types of insects, worms and any other small creatures found in
the forest. Their usual habitat is in the bush which is thick and damp
and with lots of rotting leaves and sticks.
It was not just the settlers who killed the birds. It is being known
that whaling ships brought pigs and goats in the island. No one ever
realised the damaged they brought to threatened the lives of birds.
A program to protect and preserve the Lord Howe Island woodhens has been
developed by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. We
should all wish that the program will be a success.