Endangered Animals Whales

The mammalian order Cetacea, which includes over 70 species of whales and dolphins are at the top of the food chain in the marine environment and plays a critical role in that ecosystem. Unfortunately, due to their large size, different types of whales have experienced profound declined over the last few years.

Are Blue Whale endangered?

Blue whales or suborder Mysticeti are among the most well-known species due to its largest size of as high as 100 ft and over 150 tones. Studies show what the blue whales were abundant and were easy to find in all major oceans in the world before the 1700s. But thereafter, they were hunted to almost extinction. The problem is attributed largely to the commercial whaling that happened between 19th and early 20th century. Among the 11 species of Suborder Mysticeti, 9 are now estimated to be below pre-whaling population numbers and are now less than a fraction of its population 100 years ago. Laws have been enacted to protect this species and its population is now growing at a very slow phase.

When did whales become endangered?

During 1700’s whales were very popular among the hunters due to their large sizes and supply of blubber. They were mainly hunted for oil, food, clothing and other products. Whale hunting became a lucrative business because of the growing industrial age as well as fishing technologies, which made it easy for hunters to hunt and kill or capture whales.

Over few years, whale populations declined significantly and attracted the attention of the organisations such as the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, which declared the species endangered and stepped in to regulate its killing. Although the blue whales hunting was there from the B.C. era, it was in small scale and did not cause a lot of environmental impact as the demand for whale was much low. However, in the late1700’s and early 1800’s demands for whales products rose and whale hunting was intensified.

Why are GREY whales endangered?

Grey whales are friendly animals when now not provoked but they fight back when attacked. They were among the most hunted whale in the1700s where they were reduced to a few hundred. They are friendly and sometimes swim near boats and allow tourists to touch their backs which are covered with barnacle.

Today, the Eastern Pacific has seen a remarkable improvement since the introduction of the whale protection laws. The gray whales formally habited different parts of the whole including Atlantic and Pacific oceans.However, they hunted to almost extinction in the 1700s in the Atlantic Oceans and in 1900s they were also hunted to extinction in the Pacific Ocean.

However, since 1940 when the international law was enacted to protect the Whale, the Pacific Ocean has recorded tremendous improvement in the population of the Grey Whale. The population of Grey whale is now estimated
at about 20,000 across the Eastern Pacific Ocean, which is about its historic population.

In 1995, Grey whale species in the Eastern Pacific Ocean was removed from the list of endangered species. However, it is still considered an endangered species in other areas including Western Pacific where they have now
recovered to its original population. Although there are no enough data on the number of whale population across the world, they are believed to be highly endangered as they are close to extinction.

How many whales are left?

Although the Blue Whales are still distributed globally, their population has reduced tremendously across the world. The Blue Whales are currently estimated at about 20,000 across the world, which make them one of the most endangered species in the world. Research shows that most whales of about 3000 are concentrated around California.

Currently, there are no clear numbers of whales in most part of the world but he whales around Iceland are estimated at around 1,000. Various techniques are now being adopted to estimate the number of whales directly. However, the estimation of whales in different areas is not an exact science but the estimates come with a confidence level that reflects the uncertainty of the estimates.

 

Different studies have been carried out since the ban of whaling to examine whether the global Blue Whale population has been stabilised or improved. These studies put increase estimated to be about 7.3% per annum but its population is still less than 1% of the original population. The whale population recovery varies regionally. For instance, the relative population of Blue Whale in the EasternNorth Pacific has been relatively small as compared to other parts of the world. In this region, whales populations have now risen to about 2,200, which is about 97% of its pre-hunting populations.

Humpback whales have also shown population increase indifferent areas where data have been provided. They are in abundance in theWestern North Pacific where are they are estimated at over 17000. The few available data estimates Fin whales at about 35,000 in the Northern Atlantic where it believed to host the largest population of this species in the world.

The minke whale:

The Minke Whales are available in different varieties and their classifications are complex. However, there are two Minke Whale species that are common; the Northern Minke Whale and the Antarctic Minke Whale. In theNorthern Minke Whale, two species are of concern according to the Internation Whaling Commission; the J-Stock and O-Stock. The J-Stock are available in EastChina, the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan while the O-Stock is mainly found inPacific waters Okhotsk Sea.

Some Eastern North Pacific minke whales are facing extinction, with fears that some might have been depleted due to modern hunting and whaling techniques. Studies show those Minke whales are the most abandon
species across the world but are available in a wide variety of species. Resend studies by the United States of America shows that a number of Minke Whale lives the U.S. Water.

Conclusion:

Different types of whales including the Blue whale were driven to almost extinction in 18th and early 19th century. In the late 19century, international convention and regulations were developed to protect the whales from commercial whaling. The blue whale was declared endangered in 1970under the Endangered Species Conservation Act and its protection was intensified.


Today, most whale species populations are recovering at a very low phase andmight take many more years to recover fully. The Gray Whales seems to recoverfaster in some areas where they have been declared to be no longer endangeredspecies.

Endangered Animals

The presence of animals in the environment completes the ecology phenomena. There is always a big relation between humans and animals. Of the most importance, is that animals, especially wild animals are a source of the revenue to the government. This is because they attract tourists, both locally and internationally.

Nevertheless, there are great challenges facing the wildlife all over the world. This has resulted in the extinction of some species and other species being in critical conditions. Also, the life of some animals and species get endangered. Let’s look into them more keenly.

Extinct Species

1. Bandicoots

The description of such an animal is of a plump animal with teeth of equal size. They dwell in grassland regions. Due to the tremendous increase in the farming activity, it has led to the destruction of their habitation, thus becoming extinct species.

2. Paradise Parrot

A parrot is a gorgeously colored bird able to mimic the speech of a human being. The Paradise Parrot, in particular, has not been sighted since the years of the 1920s. They nest in mounds belonging to termites and eat grass seeds together with vegetation. The clearing of land and grazing of animals have reduced the food available for them, hence many have died.

3. Tasmanian Tiger

Its other name is the Tasmanian wolf. It looks similar to a striped coyote. Like Bandicoots, their dwelling place is in the grassland. The destruction of the habitation of the tigers has been caused by the increased clearing of land for human settlement and for industrialization. Diseases is another factor leading to their extinction.

Critical Species

1. Kangaroo Rat

They are 35cm in length. They dwell in tiny holes beneath the earth’s surface. They eat leaves that are thick and juicy, and also the roots that are of a specific plant. Their habitation was destroyed for humans to have an opportunity to plant some crops; though their habitation is slowly being restored.


2. Northern Hairy-nosed Wombat

Among the extremely critical species, is the Northern hairy-nosed combat. Their forearms are so powerful, strongly build and huge. Their smelling sense is so powerful, unlike the sight. They feed on herbs and green plants. Destruction of the vegetation results in endangering their life.

3. Night Parrot

Their dwelling place is in the tunnels at daytime. They are cool birds with minimal movements unless looking for what to eat. Clearing the land limits their habitation and availability of food. Thus, many become endangered.

Endangered Species

1. Star Finch

They possess a red face that is bright with an olive green color on their body. It also has a yellow color beneath it. It feeds on seeds together with fruits and vegetable. Lack of water together with food has contributed to their minimized population.

2. Australian Possums

Seeds, fruits, and plants are what they feed on. They dwell in forests and the surroundings. Deforestation leads to their lives endangered.

3. Grey Falcon

 

They are not common birds and they dwell in dry regions. Grasshoppers, insects, reptiles and small mammals are what they mostly eat. They dwell in bushy regions, thus clearing of land minimizes their existence.

Endangered Animals

1. Dugong

It is a mammal that is grey in color and on the snout top is the location of their nostrils. They are given the term Sea cows because they feed on the seagrass. Their motion is usually very slow; hence they are unable to flee the predator.

2. Ghost Bat

They suck blood and are considered cannibals, hence the term Vampire bats. Mining that is taking place together with quarrying has endangered their existence.

3. Shark Bay Mouse

They love staying in areas that are sandy and eat plants together with their flowers, the spiders and also on insects. The development of agricultural activities the grazing has affected them directly.

A list of the most endangered animals and species

Introduction
An endangered animal is an animal that has been considered as very probable to become extinct. Because of the wanton destruction of their natural homes (habitats) by human beings, either these species are at the risk of missing out of their food chain or their geographical range becomes small. It, therefore, implies that if no action is taken to conserve them, then they will soon become a story of the past! While there are many animals/species that are threatened to becoming endangered or they are considered to be the extreme risk of extinction, here below is a list of a few:


Endangered animals
1. Australian Sea-lion
Neophoca Cinerea or Australian sea-lion is found in Australia’s south and west coasts. This animal belongs to the sea lion species and weighs about 600 lbs. The latest survey shows that the chocolate brown sea creatures were slightly over 14,000, but it is unfortunate that their population has since reduced, which makes them one of rarest sea-lion species in the earth.
2. Eastern Bristlebird
Eastern Bristlebird is also known as Dasyornis brachypterus, and it belongs to the larger family of birds. The best habits for these loud melodious birds are temperate grasslands, temperate forests, and temperate shrublands. In Australia, these birds are often found as an isolated colony in the southeastern Queensland. These species have since become endangered because they have lost their habitat as a result of frequent bush/forest fires.
3. Sandhill Dunnart
This animal lives in the porcupine grass and rolling dunes. Dunnart is slightly larger than a house mouse and it hops like a kangaroo. It feeds at night, and while it hops slowly, its speeds accelerate when chasing a hunt. This creature lives in areas with a yearly rainfall ranging from 300 to 360MM. Unfortunately, these are the conditions conducive to farming. It, therefore, implies that their habitats have been endangered by encroached farming activities.
Other endangered animals include, but not limited to the Banded Hate Wallaby, Brush-tailed Rat Kangaroo, Numbat, Smokey Mouse, Plains Wanderer, and Greater Bilby, among others.
Threatened species
1. Australian Possums
Abundant in Australia, Possums are mammals belonging to the marsupial group. The nocturnal creatures feed on fruits, seeds, and plants. Just like kangaroos, mother possum carries the baby in a pouch. Their habitat is a three hollow in the forest, and so they are good tree-climbers. However, they can also live under the roof of houses in urban areas. Threats of their continued existence in the world are due to loss of habitat (frequent fires in the forests) and hunting.
2. Star Finch
Star Finch is a member of estrildid finch family and they live in dry grasslands and Australian savannas. It feeds on vegetables, seeds, and fruits. The beautifully looking bird has its existence threatened due to excessive grazing of the grasslands and other agricultural activities, which result in loss of water and food.
Other threatened species include the Grey Falcon, Eastern Quoll, and Yellow-footed Rock Wallaby.
Least concern species
1. Blue Petrel
This bird belongs to the Procellariidae family. Blue Petrel is a small seabird typically found in Australia’s oceans. They are excellent water divers. They had a population of about three million as of the year 2000, but they have since been considered critically endangered.
2. Yellow-bellied Glider
This is a nocturnal mammal living in the narrow forests. Many of these creatures are found along eastern Australia, mostly in Queensland and Victoria. Smaller than a rabbit, the Yellow-bellied Glider feeds on pollen, insects, nectar, and tree sap. The primary threat to this species is the human disturbance.
Other least concern species include Bustard, Ground Parrot, Eastern Grass Owl, Koala, Osprey, Wompoo Pigeon, White-tailed Tropicbird, and Peregrine Falcon among others.
Vulnerable species
1. Ghost Bat
Ghost Bats (or sometimes referred to as vampire bats) are typically known for sucking blood from small animals like lizards, mice, birds, and even smaller bats. They often found in deserts in most parts of northern Australia, where they live large cracks and caves in rocks. The quarrying and mining in their habitats threatened their existence.
2. Shark Bay Mouse
As the name suggests, this is the kind of mammal found in Australia’s Shark Bay. This mouse prefers living in sandy areas and it feeds on insects, flowers, fungi, and plants. The threat to its existence has not been fully identified, but it is believed that loss of food due to agricultural activities and grazing may be one of them.
Other vulnerable species include False Water Rat, Herald Petrel, Red Goshawk, and Mallee Fowl.
Conclusion
The list of endangered species is just endless, but those mentioned above are just a few. It has been extensively explained that the threat to the existence of most animal species is due to human activities like hunting, grazing, mining, and other agricultural activities. There is an urgent need to protect them and some of the adverse human activities should be controlled or stopped altogether.